Shipping

Shipping

Merchant shipping

In shipping there is an increased use of paperless navigation by means of electronic nautical charts and satellite navigation. The use of DGPS is targeted in order to improve positioning accuracy.

Leisure and small-scale shipping

For smaller boats and vessels, satellite navigation systems are already in use. Sufficiently accurate devices are available at relatively low cost, and the accuracy and availability of nautical charts is on the rise. Jeppesen already offers apps with GPS connection for its nautical charts.

Inland waterway transport

On inland waterways, radio navigation systems is now widespread [source: BMVBS – Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development]. Because of incomplete waterway coverage by electronic charts, satellite navigation systems are not used yet.